Introduction

The Feasts of the Lord 

hwhy ydewm

Leviticus 23

   And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,  Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts …..

1. Passover xop


   
This feast is in conjunction to the Feast of Unleavened Bread. You can not have a Feast of Passover without the unleavened bread and you can not have the Feast of Unleavened Bread  without the Passover.

Luke 22:1, 7, 15 “Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.” “Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the Passover must be killed.” “And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer:”

2. First Fruits  rme

3. Feast of Weeks  twewbs

4. Feast of Trumpets  hewrt

5. Day of Atonement  Myrpk Mwy

6. Feast of Tabernacles  twko

   These feast can be found on the following sheet from a Torah Scroll opened to Leviticus 23. 

Open Torah Scroll showing Leviticus 23  - Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23
Open Torah Scroll showing Leviticus 23 – Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23

  Leviticus chapter 23 contains the entire plan of redemption of mankind from the offering of The Messiah to the long awaited Kingdom.

  The next photograph is a second view of Leviticus chapter 23 from a Torah Scroll written Morocco about 1850 Miles (2976.2 Kilometers)  miles from Poland.

 

 Torah written in Poland 1800s showing Leviticus 23  - Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23
Torah written in Poland 1800s showing Leviticus 23 – Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23


Feast of Passover written in Hebrew and English
   In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the Lord’s PassoverAnd on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,
Leviticus 23:5-8

Feast of First Fruits written in Hebrew and English

 

    Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: and he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LordAnd the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the Lord for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin. And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: Leviticus 23:10-15
Feast of Weeks written in Hebrew and English
     …  even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LordYe shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LordAnd ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the Lord, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LordThen ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings. And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the Lord for the priest. And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the Lord your God.And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Leviticus 23:16-23
Feast of Trumpets written in Hebrew and English

    Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord. Leviticus 23:24-25
Feast of Atonement written in Hebrew and English

 

     And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LordAnd ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the Lord your God. For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people. Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.   Leviticus 23:26-32
Feast of Tabernacles written in Hebrew and English

 

     And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LordOn the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein. These are the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day: beside the sabbaths of the Lord, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the Lord.Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the Lord your God seven days. And ye shall keep it a feast unto the Lord seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month. Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God. And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the Lord.  Leviticus 23:33-44

Introduction to the Feasts for Gentile Christians

   Why is it important to study the Feasts of the Lord? One reason would be to understand many details involved with the redemption of mankind.

   After Passover (the offering of The Messiah as korban pesach the offering of the lamb) , and the Feast of the Omer (the resurrection of The Messiah) Jesus met two men on the road to Emmaus and He opened their understanding about Himself from the hrwt, Myaybn, Mybwtk – The law, the Prophets, and the Writings.

Luke 24:13-27 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs. And they talked together of all these things which had happened. And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them. And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

   Emmaus is a small village sixty furlongs or 36,000 feet (about 6.64 miles, 10.68604 KM) north west of the old city of Jerusalem

Road to Emmaus, Israel mentioned in Luke chapter 24 Emmaus is 6.6 miles from Jerusalem
Road to Emmaus, Israel mentioned in Luke chapter 24 Emmaus is 6.6 miles from Jerusalem

  The following photograph is the complete set of Scrolls that make up the Hebrew Scriptures commonly called the Old Testament. These are the Scrolls Jesus was referring to when He explained to the two men on the road to Emmaus. 

(Note: A Jewish Scribe recently said “Jews absolutely hate it when these books are referred to as the Old Testament”. That is a shame as within these Scrolls in Jeremiah 31:31-33 God says:

הנה ימים באים נאם יהוה וכרתי את בית ישׂראל ואת בית יהודה ברית חדשׁה 
לא כברית אשׁר כרתי את אבותם ביום החזיקי בידם להוציאם מארץ מצרים אשׁר המה הפרו את בריתי ואנכי בעלתי בם נאם יהוה

“Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:  Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD:  But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.”)

Complete set of Hebrew Scrolls which make up the Tanakh, commonly referred to as the Old Testament.
Complete set of Hebrew Scrolls which make up the Tanakh, commonly referred to as the Old Testament.

 

   The Scroll in the following photograph is called the Torah. It is from Vilnius, Lithuania written about 250 years ago.  The Torah contains the following books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy. These are the words God spoke to Moses about 3,500 years ago.

Magnificent Torah Scroll written in Vilnius, Lithuania in 1750+- 20 years
Torah Scroll written in Vilnius, Lithuania 1750+- 20 years

 

Gentiles can be grafted into the Good Olive Tree by accepting Jesus as their Messiah
Gentiles can be grafted into the Good Olive Tree by accepting Jesus as their Messiah

 

   The following photograph is from a Torah Scroll written in Vilnius, Lithuania. The passage of Scripture is as follows:

   Genesis 12:1-3  Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee: And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

Torah Portion showing The call of Abram in Genesis chapter 12
Torah Portion showing The call of Abram in Genesis chapter 12

 

Jesus said the following in John 4:21-26  Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.  Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.  But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.  God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.  The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things.  Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he.

   All people, from all time, nations, and tongues must come to the Hebrew Scripture to translate the Word of God into their languages. This is what we are going to examine as we study the Feasts of the Lord.

The Hebrew Scriptures are the benchmark of the world to find the true Creator whose name is Jehovah
The Hebrew Scriptures are the benchmark of the world to find the true Creator whose name is Jehovah

 

The web site on Leviticus 23 “The Feasts of the Lord” has been translated into three languages: English, Chinese, and Russian.

An English language chronological chart for Feasts of the Lord which includes the seven year Tribulation
An English language chronological chart for Feasts of the Lord which includes the seven year Tribulation

 

A Chinese language chronological chart showing the Feasts of the Lord.
A Chinese language chronological chart showing the Feasts of the Lord.

 

A chronological chart showing the Feasts of the Lord written in the Russian language
A chronological chart showing the Feasts of the Lord written in the Russian language

 

   The chart listing the feasts in a chronological order helps make them more understandable. For example, many Christians have difficulty trying to decide when the rapture of the church will take place. If you use this chart it is a simple matter to observe that the Feast of Trumpets comes before the Feast of Atonement. Also observing the chart with each accompanying lesson will show the simplicity of these feasts in light of the New Testament.

   In understanding Biblical types, many times it is tempting try to make every type and detail refers to the blood of Christ. As we examine these feasts we can see that they all do involve Christ, but they go into more detail than the Crucifixion, burial and resurrection. Perhaps this is what the writer of Hebrews meant when he said what he did in chapter five verses eleven through chapter six verse three.

    Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing.  For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.  For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.  But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.  Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God,  Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.  And this will we do, if God permit. Hebrews 5:11-6:3

   The following chart shows the months each feast takes place in. The first month is Nissan where the feast of Passover begins the yearly cycle.

Chronology of God's calendar by Hebrew months - Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23
Chronology of God’s calendar by Hebrew months – Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23

 

   This series of lessons on Leviticus 23 are an explanation of Old Testament prophecies concerning the redemption of mankind. When Jesus met the two travelers on the road to Emmaus after the resurrection, what book did He use to explain Himself; Matthew, Luke, Romans? These were not written at that time. It was centuries before each church had a complete New Testament. Jesus used the Old Testament, as it is written in Luke 24:27 “And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

Time frame for Feasts of the Lord - Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23
Time frame for Feasts of the Lord – Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23

 

   These lessons are designed for the PowerPoint program with many slides to help facilitate an understanding of these important events. The PowerPoint lessons are complete in three languages; English, Russian and Chinese. Professional translators have been used on the Russian and Chinese lessons . There are a total of over 1,200 slides with the complete series of seven lessons.

RESEARCH
   The main source of research for these lessons has been the Bible and talking with Jewish friends . All the feasts are still observed by practicing Jews. Most of the feasts play a big part in their religious services, and their lives are guided by these feasts as taught by the rabbis. You can attend conservative synagogues throughout the year to observe the Jewish interpretation of the feasts.
These Old Testament feasts are recorded in Leviticus but can also be found in many other references from Exodus forward.
The other sources of research for the lessons are as follows.
First and most important the Holy Bible Hebrew, English, Chinese and Russian
THE CONCISE CODE OF JEWISH LAW By: Kitzur Shulhan Aruch and Traditional Sources
The Vocabulary of Jewish Life By: Abraham Mayer Heller
Scofield Reference Edition Bible Notes
The Gospel in The Feasts of Israel By: Buksbazen
PRAYER BOOK for the DAY OF ATONEMENT By: Dr. A. Th. Philips
Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac, P. Kenneth Seidelmann,
DAILY PRAYER BOOK HA-SIDDUR HA-SHALEM By: Philip Birnbaum
PATHWAY THROUGH JEWISH HOLIDAYS By; Sulamith Ish-Kishor

And many websites too numerous to name – Credit is given when possible

Hebrew English names for Feasts of the Lord - Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23
Hebrew English names for Feasts of the Lord – Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23
The first three Feasts of the Lord come in rapid succession in the Hebrew Scriptures and in their fulfillment in the New Covenant.
The first three Feasts of the Lord come in rapid succession in the Hebrew Scriptures and in their fulfillment in the New Covenant.

 

The last three Feasts of the Lord also come in rapid succession in Leviticus chapter 23.
The last three Feasts of the Lord also come in rapid succession in Leviticus chapter 23.

 

The commandment is for all to show up in Jerusalem for three of the Feasts and everyone must bring something with them.
The commandment is for all to show up in Jerusalem for three of the Feasts and everyone must bring something with them.

 

The Lord said what you must bring with you, He will provide.
The Lord said what you must bring with you, He will provide.

 

What could we possibly bring to each of these Feasts? Here is the answer.
What could we possibly bring to each of these Feasts? Here is the answer.

 

1. PassoverGod gives us knowledge of our lost condition. We all sin and are separated from God so He shows us the separation by revealing our sin and then gives us forgiveness for all sin.
Repentance
Romans 2:4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?
Forgiveness
John 3:16-18 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

3. WeeksGod gives each of us a talent or gift to serve Him in a way that is best for our ability. He could take us on to Heaven the moment we are “born again” but He usually leaves us here to finish His work. Romans 12:6  Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith; Or ministry, let us wait on our ministering: or he that teacheth, on teaching; Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.

6. Tabernacles – God gives us crowns
There are five heavenly crowns mentioned in the New Testament that will be awarded to believers.

1. The Incorruptible Crown: 1 Cor. 9:24,25. This crown is given to believers who faithfully run the race,
2. The Crown of Rejoicing: 1 Thessalonians 2:19, 20. & Daniel 12:3 To those who faithfully witness to the saving grace of God,
3. The Crown of Righteousness: 2 Timothy 4:8 To those who love the appearing of Christ, who anxiously wait and look forward to the day when He will return for His saints.,
4. The Crown of Life: James 1:12. For those believers who endure trials, tribulations, and severe suffering,
5.
The Crown of Glory: 1 Pet. 5:1~4. This is the teacher’s crown and will be given to the ministers who faithfully feed the flock of God. This probably could also include preachers, teachers, Sunday School teachers, missionaries and all those who teach the Word of God in their respective ministries.

   One of the sets of three feasts has already been fulfilled to every detail and is quite easy to understand: Passover, First Fruits, Weeks.

   The other set of three feasts is still in the future and is a little more difficult to see how the details will happen. In the last three feasts there is room for speculation and separation from another believer on details should be used with caution.

Three Feasts have been fulfilled three are yet to come. It has been 2,000 since the last feast was fulfilled.
Three Feasts have been fulfilled three are yet to come. It has been 2,000 since the last feast was fulfilled.

 

   In the study of these six feasts some Bible scholars refer to Leviticus 23 as “God’s Calendar” because it follows the yearly cycle of harvests in Israel and is in chronological order. Moist likely cultures throughout the world built calendars of stone to help with the planting and harvest seasons.

The world has always used calendars, in fact it was God who created the calendar for mankind to keep track of time.
The world has always used calendars, in fact it was God who created the calendar for mankind to keep track of time.

 

   The Jewish calendar has changed many times and unless the Bible is used as the guide, it is just people’s opinion. After 586 BC the Talmud adopted the Babylonian names for the months: e.g., Aviv to Nissan, Etham to Tishrei. 1 Kings 8: 1, 2 “And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.” Since 586 BC we know this month by the name Tishrei.

“The first written Jewish calendar was compiled by Hillel II in 359 C.E.” and he codified 1 Tishrei as the beginning of the year, hnsh sar Rosh Hashanah. This obscure feast of the seventh month then became a marker of great religious importance. (Note: The study of the Jewish calendar is so vast and confusing it is generally incomprehensible, because the “sages” deviated from the Torah to the Talmud.) It is important to know this because a Biblical study of this feast will not lead you to believe that this feast of the first day of the seventh month is Rosh Hashanah hnsh sar. That name is reserved for another month. The following is what the Creator told us about New Year hnsh sar Rosh Hashanah Exodus 12:2

החדשׁ הזה לכם ראשׁ חדשׁים ראשׁון הוא לכם לחדשׁי השׁנה

This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

God set the standard, and His calendar is always correct.
God set the standard, and His calendar is always correct.

 

The Creator
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: Genesis 1:14

  ויאמר אלהים יהי מארת ברקיע השׁמים להבדיל בין היום ובין הלילה והיו לאתת ולמועדים ולימים ושׁנים׃


  It is reasonable to believe that the one who created all things would give us a guide book on how things work.

God's calendar, the first calendar ever created. It is found in Genesis chapter one; not at Stonehedge.
God’s calendar, the first calendar ever created. It is found in Genesis chapter one; not at Stonehedge.

The "world" can't seem to tell where the New Year begins. That's easy. It as as God said, the first of the Hebrew month Nissan.

The “world” can’t seem to tell where the New Year begins. That’s easy. It as as God said, the first of the Hebrew month Nissan.

 

There was a big change made to the calendar 2,000 years ago  - Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23
There was a big change made to the calendar 2,000 years ago – Feasts of the Lord Leviticus 23